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With such a broad range of involvement in construction, it is important to understand LEED processes and their impacts upon all areas of design and construction.

LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations (LEED-NC) is designed with conservation in mind, but for the purpose of purely new construction and not for historical conservation practices.

This article addresses the current problems for historical buildings attempting to achieve LEED V.3 certification, specifically focusing on two LEED rating systems, LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations and LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance.

The intent is to see how current trends in green design and construction are influencing current changes in legislation and the impact of those changes on historical building renovations.

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is the standard for green building design and green building operations certification in the United States and is becoming more prominent in the world.

Cities and states are currently adopting LEED into their general building regulations for public buildings, and many energy codes are now using LEED as a reference for design and construction of new buildings.

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How much can be done using the new LEED V.3 rating system in conjunction with historic conservation is yet to be seen.In the certification process, potential LEED buildings amass points in the different design categories to gain a certified, silver, gold, or platinum rating.LEED design fundamentals are currently organized into six areas of certification; neighborhood development, homes, commercial interiors, core and shell, buildings operations and maintenance, and new construction (with individual focus on schools, healthcare, and retail).New developments in LEED V.3 point models continue to favor new or recent construction as compared with historical buildings.LEED V.3 does not adequately address the major renovation needs required for historical buildings attempting to maintain their historical fabric.Innovation in Design (ID) is an optional credit, requiring design to go above and beyond baseline energy standards outside the stated LEED rating systems (i.e., new green innovation).Regional Priority (RP) is an optional credit achievable by going beyond specific requirements in LEED based on project location.This paper will focus on two different certifications, LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance (LEED-EB) and LEED for New Construction (LEED-NC).The discussion will look at how existing buildings, specifically historical structures work within the context of LEED V.3 2009 rating system.Offering new insight into how the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) may approach possible changes to LEED V.3, this article attempts to find new solutions to adequately integrate historical buildings under the LEED umbrella.The environmental costs of construction are greater than any other industry, and energy usage of constructed buildings accounts for 40% of the energy usage worldwide (Cheng, Chiang & Tang, 2005).The benefit of choosing new construction over historic conservation is that new construction can be more readily designed around the current point system as it employs a clean slate system.Historical buildings are fixed construction requiring greater modification for new systems to be integrated into the existing systems.In 2009, the USGBC updated the LEED system, reweighting many of the categories to account for importance within the categories rather than placing them on a level playing field.Part of this initiative was a response to issues brought up by conservationists who felt existing buildings were not being recognized adequately for existing material content.




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